The motif concerning the number seven:
- In Mesopotamian mythology, the Apkallu (Akkadian), or Abgal (Sumerian), or sometimes Ummanu, are seven antediluvian sages, referred to in scholarly literature as the Seven Sages. Each had a role in imparting wisdom to a ruling antediluvian king, before the flood swept over.
- In Hindu mythology, the Saptarishi (Sanskrit: सप्तर्षि ) are seven sages. They are considered to be the patriarchs of the Vedic religion, and are put in the care of king Shraddhadeva Manu, by Vishnu, on a big boat. They are preserved from the impending great flood—“the all-devouring ocean” that consumes three worlds (earth, ether and heaven).